Biodiversity and Conservation MCQ Questions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 15 with Answers

Find here the NCERT chapter-wise Multiple Choice Questions from Class 12 Biology book Chapter 15 Biodiversity and Conservation with Answers Pdf free download. This may assist you to understand and check your knowledge about the chapters. Students also can take a free test of the Multiple Choice Questions of Biodiversity and Conservation. Each question has four options followed by the right answer. These MCQ Questions are selected supported by the newest exam pattern as announced by CBSE.


NCERT MCQ Chapters for Class 12 Biology

Q1. Where among the following will you find pitcher plant?

(i) Rain forest of North-East India
(ii) Sunderbans
(iii) Thar Desert
(iv) Western Ghats.

(i) Rain forest of North-East India


Q2. American water plant that has become a troublesome water weed in India is

(i) Cyperus rotundus
(ii) Eichhornia crassipes
(iii) Trapa latifolia
(iv) Trapa bispinosa

(ii) Eichhornia crassipes


Q3. One of the ex situ conservation methods for endangered species is

(i) wildlife sanctuaries
(ii) biosphere reserves
(iii) cryopreservation
(iv) national parks.

(iii) cryopreservation


Q4. Reserve biosphere of Sundarban is situated in which of the following states :

(i) Bihar
(ii) Uttar Pradesh
(iii) Assam
(iv) West Bengal

(iv) West Bengal


Q5. The species of animals protected in Kaziranga sanctuary is

(i) Panthera tigris
(ii) Macaca mullata
(iii) Panthera leo
(iv) Rhinocersos unicornis

(iv) Rhinocersos unicornis


Q6. Which of the following is not an invasive alien species in the Indian context?

(i) Lantana
(ii) Cynodon
(iii) Parthenium
(iv) Eichhornia.

(ii) Cynodon


Q7. Which of the following is not an example of in situ conservation ?

(i) Biosphere reserves
(ii) National parks
(iii) Wildilife sanctuaries
(iv) Zoological parks

(iv) Zoological parks


Q8. Which type of living organisms given below are listed in Red Data Book”?

(i) Rare species
(ii) Rare and endangered species
(iii) Endangered species
(iv) None of these

(ii) Rare and endangered species


Q9. Alpha diversity will describe:

(i) diversity within biomes
(ii) intra community diversity
(iii) inter community diversity
(iv) diversity within a species population

(ii) intra community diversity


Q10. Which of the following countries has the highest biodiversity?

(i) Brazil
(ii) South Africa
(iii) Russia
(iv) India.

(i) Brazil


Q11. The one-horned rhinoceros is specific to which of the following sanctuaries ?

(i) Bharatpur
(ii) vedanthgol
(iii) Kaziranga
(iv) Corbett Park

(iii) Kaziranga


Q12. Dudhwa National Part is located in:

(i) In Himachal Pradesh
(ii) In Uttar Pradesh
(iii) In Madhya Pradesh
(iv) Arunachal Pradesh

(ii) In Uttar Pradesh


Q13. If all the members of a host species die then all its unique parasites also die off, representing:

(i) biological control
(ii) co-extinction
(iii) conservation
(iv) extinction

(ii) co-extinction


Q14. Which one of the following is not a major characteristic feature of biodiversity hotspots?

(i) Large number of species
(ii) Abundance of endemic species
(iii) Large number of exotic species
(iv) Destruction of habitat.

(iv) Destruction of habitat.


Q15. First ‘Earth Summit’ for ‘Convention on Biological Diversity’ (CBD) was held at

(i) Johannesberg (2002), South Africa
(ii) Rio de Janeiro (1992), Brazil
(iii) Dehradun (1992), India
(iv) New York (2000), U.S.A.

(ii) Rio de Janeiro (1992), Brazil


Q16. Kanha National Park is famous for:

(i) Birds
(ii) Rhinoceros
(iii) Tigers
(iv) Crocodiles

(iii) Tigers


Q17. When we compare the relationship between species richness and area for wide variety of taxa, the graph appears to be a:

(i) cubic parabola
(ii) rectangular hyperbola
(iii) cubic hyperbola
(iv) rectangular parabola

(ii) rectangular hyperbola


Q18. What is common to the following plants: Nepenthes, Psilotum, Rauwolfia and Acontium?

(i) All are ornamental plants
(ii) All are phylogenic link species
(iii) All are prone to over-exploitation
(iv) All are exclusively present in the Eastern Himalayas.

(iii) All are prone to over-exploitation


Q19. Symbol of WWf is

(i) tiger
(ii) Rhododendron
(iii) white bear
(iv) giant panda.

(iv) giant panda.


Q20. Lions m India are now found in :

(i) Jim Corbett National Park
(ii) Forests of Madhya Pradesh
(iii) Forests of Western Ghats
(iv) Fir Forests

(iv) Fir Forests


Q21. Speciation maintains biodiversity :

(i) only at individual level
(ii) only at species level
(iii) only at community level
(iv) both at species level and community level

(iv) both at species level and community level


Q22. Amongst the animal groups given below, which one has the highest percentage of endangered species?

(i) Insects
(ii) Mammals
(iii) Amphibians
(iv) Reptiles.

(iii) Amphibians


Q23. Which of the following is not a cause for loss of biodiversity ?

(i) Destruction of habitat
(ii) Invasion by alien species
(iii) Keeping animals in zoological parks
(iv) Over-exploitation of natural resources

(iii) Keeping animals in zoological parks


Q24. First National park developed in India is:

(i) Gir
(ii) Kaziranga
(iii) Jim Corbett
(iv) None of these

(iii) Jim Corbett


Q25. How many bio-geographical regions are present in India?

(i) 3
(ii) 4
(iii) 10
(iv) 5

(iii) 10


Q26. The extinction of passenger pigeon was due to:

(i) Increased number of predatory birds.
(ii) Over-exploitation by humans
(iii) Non-availability of the food
(iv) Bird flu virus infection

(ii) Over-exploitation by humans


Q27. The historic convention on Biological Diversity held in Rio Janeiro in 1992 is known as:

(i) CITES Convention
(ii) The Earth Summit
(iii) G-16 Summit
(iv) AAAB Programme

(ii) The Earth Summit


Q28. Sardar Sarovar Dam is built on the river:

(i) Jhelum
(ii) Narmada
(iii) Tapti
(iv) Vyas

(ii) Narmada


Q29. Bulk fixation of carbon through photosynthesis takes place in

(i) Tropical rain forests
(ii) Tropical rain forest and crop plants
(iii) Crop plants
(iv) Oceans

(iv) Oceans


Q30. Among the ecosystem mentioned below, where can one find maximum biodiversity?

(i) Mangroves
(ii) Desert
(iii) Coral reefs
(iv) Alpine meadows

(iii) Coral reefs


Q31. Western ghats have a greater number of amphibian species than the Eastern ghats. What kind of diversity does it represent ?

(i) Species diversity
(ii) Genetic diversity
(iii) Ecological diversity
(iv) None of these

(i) Species diversity


Q32. Identify the correct matched pair:

(i) Montreal Protocol-Global Warming
(ii) Kyoto Protocol-Climate change
(iii) Project Hungul-Dear
(iv) Project Tiger-Lion

(ii) Kyoto Protocol-Climate change


Q33. The species becomes extinct most easily by:

(i) Deforestation
(ii) Heavy rains
(iii) Urbanization
(iv) Sliding of hills

(i) Deforestation


Q34. The active chemical drug reserpine is obtained from:

(i) Datura
(ii) Rauwolfia
(iii) Atropa
(iv) Papaver

(ii) Rauwolfia


Q35. Alpha diversity is biodiversity present

(i) within community
(ii) between communities
(iii) ranges of communities
(iv) none of these.

(i) within community


Q36. Project elephant started in the year:

(i) 1990
(ii) 1993
(iii) 1992
(iv) 1982

(iii) 1992


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