We have Provided the NCERT/CBSE Solutions chapter-wise for Class 11 English Hornbill Prose Chapter 3 Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues with Answers by expert subject teacher for latest syllabus and examination. Students can take a free NCERT Solutions of Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues. Each question has right answer Solved by Expert Teacher.
NCERT Solutions Class 11 English Hornbill Prose
Understanding the text
Q1. Give reasons for the following.
(i) King Tut’s body has been subjected to repeated scrutiny.
Answer: King Tut was the last powerful king that ruled over Egypt. He ascended the throne and became the Pharaoh of Egypt at the age of eight. He died in his teens and the reason for his death was less known to the archaeologists and historians. Upon discovering King Tut’s body in the Valley of Kings, the researchers tried everything to know more about him and even separated his body from the coffin and removed the jewels that he adorned to get a better look at his physical state which eventually would provide some clues for his death. This led to King Tut’s body being subjected to repeated scrutiny.
(ii) Howard Carter’s investigation was resented.
Answer: Carter had cut the hardened resins which held Tut’s body glued to his coffin. His men cut off the mummy’s head and severed nearly every major joint.
(iii) Carter had to chisel away the solidified resins to raise the king’s remains.
Answer: Howard had to chisel away the solidified resin to raise Tut’s remains, which had become cemented to the bottom of the coffin and showed no signs of escaping. No amount of force could separate the body from the coffin; not even exposing it to the scorching sun could melt the solid raisin.
(iv) Tut’s body was buried along with gilded treasures.
Answer: Tut’s body was buried alongwith gilded treasures : precious collars, inlaid necklaces and bracelets, rings, amulets, a ceremonial apron, sandals, sheaths for his fingers and toes, inner coffin and mask—all of pure gold. In Tut’s time the royals were fabulously wealthy. They thought or hoped that they could take their riches with them. That is why Tut’s body was buried alongwith gilded treasures.
(v) The boy king changed his name from Tutankhaten to Tutankhamun.
Answer: Tutankhaten took the throne at an incredibly youthful age after a mysterious ruler named Smenkhkare briefly took over the throne. He soon changed his name to Tutankhamun or ‘living image of Amun’ and restored the old day and way of life. King Amennotep destroyed the images of Amun and closed its temples which led to unrest among the masses.
Q2. (i) List the deeds that led Ray Johnson to describe Akhenaten as “wacky”.
Answer: Ray Johnsen described Akhenaten as “wacky” because he promoted the worship of Aten (the sun disc) over Amun the major God, changed his name from Amenhotep to Akhenaten, relocated the religious capital from Thebes to Akhetaten, and destroyed Amun temples and idols, thus shocking the entire country.
(ii) What were the results of the CT scan?
Answer: The C.T. scan machine scanned Tut’s mummy from head to toe. It created 1,700 digital X-ray images in cross-section and Tut’s head was scanned in 0.62-millimeter slices and produced images in eerie detail. The body was entirely recorded using the scan and helped specialists in radiology, forensics, and anatomy probe the secrets that the mummy carried with itself.
(iii) List the advances in technology that have improved forensic analysis.
Answer: Today C.T. technology helps us to take hundreds of X-ray images in cross-sections. They can be put together likeslices of bread tp create three dimensional virtual body.This provides precise data for an accurate forensicreconstruction.
(iv) Explain the statement, “King Tut is one of the first mummies to be scanned — in death, as in life…”
Answer: Scanning is an advanced medical technology that is not accessible to many. King Tut was the first mummy to be scanned using the advanced and expensive medical tool to get great details of his body. The CT scan machine was donated by the National Geographic Society and Siemens, its manufacturer.
Talking about the text
Discuss the following in groups of two pairs, each pair in a group taking opposite points of view.
Q1. Scientific intervention is necessary to unearth buried mysteries.
Answer: History has great relevance in our lives. It is something about which very less is known. Using scientific technology helps us get a deeper knowledge, with finer details about the past. Using scientific tools properly provides us with precise information that we could not get using physical methods. Scientific technology provides precision to the details we get from the research and aids it further. King Tut’s scans were detailed and helped archaeologists and historians know better about his past and reasons of death.
Q2. Advanced technology gives us conclusive evidence of past events.
Answer: For —Advanced technology—dates can be confirmed using carbon dating, materials used in old cultures can be examined, satellite imaging can help find buried sites.
Against — Advanced technology can be destructive, e.g. Carter’s mutilation of Tut’s mummy.
Q3. Traditions, rituals and funerary practices must be respected.
Answer: Each civilization and culture has its own rituals and practices. Some practises might be weird or different for some. But each ritual and practice must be respected. These practices are done so that the dead lie in peace and are undisturbed. The sentiments that people have associated with these practices must be respected and not criticized or made fun of. It makes us more tolerant of other cultures and we also learn to be more accepting of things around us.
Q4. Knowledge about the past is useful to complete our knowledge of the world we live in.
Answer: Past not only provides us details of the great legends who lived during those times but also about other trivial things like diseases, literature, habits, etc. of the people who lived during that time. Having a deep knowledge of history provides us more insight into our civilization and lets us know about what existed before us. It also helps us learn from the mistakes committed in the past.
Thinking about language
Q1. Read the following piece of information from The Encyclopedia of Language by David Crystal.
Egyptian is now extinct: its history dates from before the third millennium B.C., preserved in many hieroglyphic inscriptions and papyrus manuscripts. Around the second century A.D., it developed into a language known as Coptic. Coptic may still have been used as late as the early nineteenth century and is still used as a religious language by Monophysite Christians in Egypt.
Q2. What do you think are the reasons for the extinction of languages?
Answer: Languages are becoming extinct for a variety of reasons. A dominant language that is not native to the locals frequently replaces the main language. Other reasons include the genocide of entire races, poor cultural heritage preservation, and the loss and damage of historical records.
Q3. Do you think it is important to preserve languages?
Answer: Language carries the history of civilization. The ancient transcripts are also written in the language that was used then. When a language is not used further, the data written in that language is not accessible anymore. It is important to preserve the language as it keeps us in touch with one’s traditions, heritage, and the events that happened in the past. When a language is lost all the history written in that language is lost.
Q4. In what ways do you think we could help prevent the extinction of languages and dialects?
Answer: We can preserve language and dialects by recovering and practising a lost language. To do so, we must stay connected to our roots by encouraging children to speak in their mother tongue more often, reading old books in their native language, and conversing with the elderly.
Working with words
Q1. Given below are some interesting combinations of words. Explain why they have been used together.
(i) ghostly dust devils
(ii) desert sky
(iii) stunning artifacts
(iv) funerary treasures
(v) scientific detachment
(vi) dark-bellied clouds
(vii) casket grey
(viii) eternal brilliance
(ix) ritual resins
(x) virtual body
(i) Ghostly dust devils: Desert dust storms have been described as ghosts. Spirals of dust move at great speed across the desert and look like ghosts.
(ii) Desert sky : Hot, dusty sky of the desert.
(iii) Stunning artefacts: The items found in the tomb were made of gold and were extremely beautiful.
(iv) Funerary treasures: According to the ancient Egyptian custom, articles of daily need were buried with the dead. Kings were buried with articles of gold and precious stones with the belief that they will need them in the afterlife.
(v) Scientific detachment: Objectivity of a scientist, unemotional response to a situation. At this moment, Carter is taking a decision which is full of emotional implications. He has to cut the dried resins from under Tut’s body. The body itself could get damaged. Carter’s attitude is that of a scientist who has to carry out the work objectively without getting emotionally involved.
(vi) Dark bellied clouds : Personification used here to show heavy dark clouds containing rain.
(vii) Casket grey : Grey colour of a coffin. The word ‘casket’ means a small box for jewellery and precious items as well as a coffin (American). Both meanings help to create atmosphere here because Tut’s coffin, which had many gold and precious stone adornments, has to be brought up for C.T. scan.
(viii) Eternal brilliance: The shine of thousands of years old gold artefacts was as bright as on the day they were made. This everlasting brilliance was a symbol of resurrection to the Egyptians.
(ix) Ritual resins: Fragrant resins were used in the embalming of the body and in other funeral rites.
(x) Virtual body: Almost a real body; electronically constructed images which use hundreds of X-rays to create an almost real body.
Q2. Here are some commonly used medical terms. Find out their meanings.
CT scan, MRI, tomography,
autopsy, dialysis, ECG,
post mortem, angiography, biopsy,
Answer: C.T. scan: Computed tomography; X-ray image of body giving cross-sections of a body organ used for diagnostic purposes
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging—a diagnostic tool
Tomography: taking pictures of sections of a human body
Autopsy: post-mortem examination
Dialysis: mechanical filtration of fluids in kidneys
ECG: Electrocardiogram—measures the working of the heart by measuring its electrical currents Post-mortem: examination of a body after death to find out the cause of death
Angiography: picture of the blood vessels of the heart to find out if any obstructions have formed
Biopsy: testing body tissue to check for malignancy
Things to do
Q1. The constellation Orion is associated with the legend of Osiris, the god of the afterlife.
Find out the astronomical descriptions and legends associated with the following.
(i) Ursa Major (Saptarishi mandala)
(ii) Polaris (Dhruva tara)
(iii) Pegasus (Winged horse)
(iv) Sirius (Dog star)
(v) Gemini (Mithuna)
Answer: Self Attempt
Q2. Some of the leaves and flowers mentioned in the passage for adorning the dead are willow, olive, celery, lotus, cornflower. Which of these are common in our country?
Answer: Self Attempt
Q3. Name some leaves and flowers that are used as adornments in our country.
Answer: Self Attempt
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