Evolution MCQ Questions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 7 with Answers

Find here the NCERT chapter-wise Multiple Choice Questions from Class 12 Biology book Chapter 7 Evolution with Answers Pdf free download. This may assist you to understand and check your knowledge about the chapters. Students also can take a free test of the Multiple Choice Questions of Evolution. Each question has four options followed by the right answer. These MCQ Questions are selected supported by the newest exam pattern as announced by CBSE.

NCERT MCQ Chapters for Class 12 Biology

Q1. Analogous organs arise due to

(i) divergent evolution
(ii) artificial selection
(iii) genetic drift
(iv) convergent evolution.

(iv) convergent evolution.

Q2. ncestor of man who first time showed bipedal movement

(i) Cro-magnon
(ii) Australopithecus
(iii) Java apeman
(iv) Peking man

(ii) Australopithecus

Q3. Select the correct statement from the following options.

(i) Mutations are random and directional.
(ii) Darwinian variations are small and direction less.
(iii) Fitness is the end result of the ability to adapt and get selected by nature.
(iv) All mammals have evolved vivipary as an adaptation.

(iii) Fitness is the end result of the ability to adapt and get selected by nature.

Q4. The bones of forelimbs of whale, bat, cheetah and man are similar in structure, because

(i) one organism has given rise to another
(ii) they share a common ancestor
(iii) they perform the same function
(iv) the have biochemical similarities.

(ii) they share a common ancestor

Q5. Evolutionary history of an organism is known as:

(i) Ontogeny
(ii) Phytogeny
(iii) Ancestry
(iv) Palaentolgy

(ii) Phytogeny

Q6. Palaentological evidences for evolutaion refer to the

(i) development of embryo
(ii) homologous organs
(iii) fossils
(iv) analogous organs.

(iii) fossils

Q7. Thorn of Bougainvillea and tendril of cucurbita are example of

(i) analogous organs
(ii) homologous organs
(iii) vestigial organs
(iv) retrogressive evolution

(ii) homologous organs

Q8. Change of frequency of alleles in a population results in evolution. This statement is proposed in

(i) Darwin’s theory
(ii) Lamarck’s theory
(iii) Hardy-Weinberg principle
(iv) de Vries theory.

(iii) Hardy-Weinberg principle

Q9. Animal husbandry and plant breeding programmes are the examples of

(i) reverse evolution
(ii) artificial selection
(iii) mutation
(iv) natural selection.

(ii) artificial selection

Q10. As per Neo-Darwinism, which is mainly responsible for evolution?

(i) Mutation
(ii) Natural drift
(iii) Both of these
(iv) All of these

(ii) Natural drift

Q11. Animal husbandry and plant breeding programmes are the examples of

(i) reverse evolution
(ii) aritifical selection
(iii) mutation
(iv) natural selection.

(iv) natural selection.

Q12. Snakes do not have legs because

(i) Legs are lost during their entry in tunnels
(ii) Legs are lost during evolution
(iii) The ancestors of reptiles did not have legs
(iv) There are no legs in lizards

(ii) Legs are lost during evolution

Q13. Darwin judged the fitness of individuals by

(i) ability to defend itself.
(ii) strategy to obtain food.
(iii) number of offspring produced.
(iv) dominance over other individuals.

(iii) number of offspring produced.

Q14. The theory of spontaneous generation stated that

(i) life arose from living forms only
(ii) life can arise from both living and non-living
(iii) life can arise from non-living things only
(iv) life arises spontaneously, neither from living nor from the non-living.

(iii) life can arise from non-living things only

Q15. Hardy-Weinberg principle explains :

(i) Chromosomal
(ii) Genetic drift
(iii) Genetic equilibrium
(iv) All of these

(iii) Genetic equilibrium

Q16. Fossils are generally found in

(i) sedimentasry rocks
(ii) igneous rocks
(iii) metamorphic rocks
(iv) any type of rock.

(i) sedimentasry rocks

Q17. Which character applies to Homo sapiens:

(i) Opposable toe
(ii) Large canine
(iii) Cranial capacity 1450 cc
(iv) Chin prominence absent

(iii) Cranial capacity 1450 cc

Q18. Homologous organs indicate

(i) convergent evolution.
(ii) divergent evolution.
(iii) adaptive radiation.
(iv) natural selection.

(ii) divergent evolution.

Q19. Which of the following is used as an atmospheric pollution indicator?

(i) Lepidoptera
(ii) Lichens
(iii) Lycopersicon
(iv) Lycopodium.

(ii) Lichens

Q20. Book ‘Philosophique Zoologique’ was written by:

(i) Lamarck
(ii) Mendel
(iii) Darwin
(iv) Hugo-devries

(i) Lamarck

Q21. Which type of selection is industrial melanism observed in moth, Biston betularia?

(i) Stabilising
(ii) Directional
(iii) Disruptive
(iv) Artificial

(ii) Directional

Q22. Homo erectus different from Cro-magnon man in having :

(i) Jaws protruding out
(ii) Tool making
(iii) Slopping jaws
(iv) Arts and paintings

(i) Jaws protruding out

Q23. The bones of forelimbs of whale, bat, cheetah and man are similar in structure, because

(i) one organism has given rise to another
(ii) they share a common ancestor
(iii) they perform the same function
(iv) they have biochemical similarities.

(ii) they share a common ancestor

Q24. Appearance of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is an example of

(i) adaptive radiation
(ii) transduction
(iii) pre-existing variation in the population
(iv) divergent evolution.

(iii) pre-existing variation in the population

Q25. Which one of the following phenomenon supports Darwin’s concept of natural selection in organic evolution?

(i) Development of transgenic animals
(ii) Production of‘Dolly the sheep’ by cloning
(iii) Prevalence of pesticide resistant insects
(iv) Development of organs from ‘Stem cells’ for organ transplantation

(iii) Prevalence of pesticide resistant insects

(i) Lobe fish
(ii) Dodo bird
(iii) Seaweed
(iv) Chimpanzee

(i) Lobe fish

Q27. Pre-historic man who gave proper burial to the dead for the first time was

(i) Cro-magnon man
(ii) Neanderthal man
(iii) Pecking man
(iv) Java man

(ii) Neanderthal man

Q28. Evolution of life shows that life forms had a trend of moving from

(i) land to water
(ii) dry land to wet land
(iii) fresh water to sea water
(iv) water to land.

(iv) water to land.

Q29. The biogenetic law of Haeckel is:

(i) Ominis vivum-e-eellula
(ii) Omminis cellula-e-cellula
(iii) Ontogeny repeats phytogeny
(iv) Phytogeny repeats ontogeny

(iii) Ontogeny repeats phytogeny

Q30. Abiogenesis theory of origin supports

(i) spontaneous generation
(ii) origin of life from blue-green algae
(iii) origin of life is due to pre-existing organisms
(iv) organic evolution is due to chemical reactions.

(i) spontaneous generation

Q31. On which continent maximum fossils of prehistoric man have been found :

(i) Africa
(ii) Europe
(iii) Asia
(iv) America

(i) Africa

Q32. Fossils are generally found in

(i) Sedimentary rocks
(ii) Igneous rocks
(iii) Metamorphic rocks
(iv) Any type of rock.

(i) Sedimentary rocks

Q33. Wings of Butterfly and birds are:

(i) Vestigial organs
(ii) Analogous organs
(iii) Homologous organs
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)

(ii) Analogous organs

Q34. Who proposed that the first form of the could have come from pre-existing non-living organic molecules ?

(i) S.L. Miller
(ii) Oparin and Haldane
(iii) Charles Darwin
(iv) Alfred Wallace

(ii) Oparin and Haldane

Q35. ame of the scientist who gave Mutation Theory :

(i) Wallace
(ii) Mathus
(iii) Darwin
(iv) De Vries

(iv) De Vries

Q36. Variations during mutations of meiotic re-combinations are

(i) random and directionless
(ii) random and directional
(iii) random and small
(iv) random, small and directional.

(i) random and directionless

Q37. According to Oparin, which one of the following was not present in the primitive atmosphere of the earth ?

(i) Methane
(ii) Oxygen
(iii) Hydrogen
(iv) Water vapour

(ii) Oxygen

Q38. Early at mosphere contained methane and other hydrocarbons. They have been now replaced by

(i) nitrogen
(ii) oxygen
(iii) carbon dioxide
(iv) hydrogen.

(iii) carbon dioxide

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