We have Provided the NCERT/CBSE Solutions chapter-wise for Class 12 English Chapter 2 Lost Spring with Answers by expert subject teacher for latest syllabus and examination. Students also can take a free NCERT Solutions of Lost Spring. Each question has right answer Solved by Expert Teacher.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Flamingo Prose
Page No. 16
Lost Spring Think as you read
Q1. What is Saheb looking for in the garbage dumps? Where is he and where has he come from?
Answers: Saheb is looking for some silver coins or currency note. It is as valuable as gold for him. He is in Seemapuri (Delhi) and had come from Bangladesh.
Q2. What explanations does the author offer for the children not wearing footwear?
Answers: One explanation offered by the author is that it is a tradition to stay barefoot. It is not lack of money. He wonders if this is only an excuse to explain away a perpetual state of poverty. He also remembers the story of a poor body who prayed to the goddess for a pair of shoes.
Q3. Is Saheb happy working at the tea-stall? Explain.
Answers: Saheb was secure working at a tea-stall where he received daily wages and was given regular meals. However, it can be guessed that he was unhappy as he does not answer the writer when asked if he was happy. The writer also noticed that his face no longer carried the carefree look. He looked burdened with responsibilities.
Page No. 19
Lost Spring Think as you read
Q1. What makes the city of Firozabad famous?
Answer: Firozabad is famous for its glass bangles. The place is the centre of India’s glass-blowing industry.
Q2. Mention the hazards of working in the glass bangles industry?
Answers: Boys and girls with their fathers and mothers sit in dark hutments, next to lines of flames of flickering oil lamps. They weld pieces of coloured glass into circles of bangles. Their eyes are more adjusted to the dark than to the light outside. They often end up losing their eyesight before they become adults. Even the dust from polishing the glass of bangles is injurious to eyes. Many workers have become blind. The furnaces have very high temperatures and therefore very dangerous.
Q3. How is Mukesh’s attitude to his situation different from that of his family?
Answers: Mukesh’s grandmother says this, as she believes in destiny, meaning that their family cannot escape from their God-given lineage of bangle-makers and will remain bangle-makers, continuing to suffer. But Mukesh has the courage to dream of becoming a motor mechanic, thus breaking free from destiny.
Page No. 20
UNDERSTANDING THE TEXT
Q1. What could be some of the reasons for the migration of people from villages to cities?
Answers: There are many factors that cause migration of people from villages to cities. Some villagers voluntarily move to the cities in search for jobs and better civic and health facilities, etc. Others are forced to migrate when natural disasters like flood, storm, drought, famine, etc. destroy their houses and properties. History has records of large scale migrations caused by wars. Also, many villagers who are better off than others manage to send their children to study in the cities.
In the lesson ‘Lost Spring’, Saheb and his family migrates to Seemapuri from Dhaka after their houses were destroyed in the storms.
Q2. Would you agree that promises made to the poor children are rarely kept? Why do you think this happens in the incidents narrated in the text?
Answers: Promises made to the poor children are rarely kept. Saheb, along with his family, lives in the vain hope that one day their condition will improve. Saheb believes in the author that soon she will open a school and he will go to study there. But such promises never materialise.
Q3. What forces conspire to keep the workers in bangle industry of Firozabad in poverty?
Answers: The people working in the bangle industry are forced to work in that industry since that’s the only craft they know to fill their stomachs. They aren’t skilled in any other field and have accepted it as their fate to work in the bangle industry and be exploited by the deceptive middlemen. A proper legal system and the social system should be provided to them so that they can flourish with the help of their craft and come out of perpetual poverty.
TALKING ABOUT THE TEXT
Q1. How, in your opinion, can Mukesh realise his dream?
Answers:- Mukesh, one of the many children in Firozabad, aspired to be a motor mechanic. His dreams were unlike those of his peers, who worked in bangle manufacturing units amidst appalling conditions. Most of the people there, caught in the vicious circle, were bom and died in the same miserable plight as their forefathers. Mukesh, however, dared to dream.
He was determined to go to a garage and learn how to become a garage mechanic. He realized that the garage was a long way from his home, yet he was resolute and decided to walk all his way there. He dreamt of driving cars that he saw hurtling down the streets of his town. His passion and perseverance would help him achieve his goal. Mukesh was able to dream of breaking away from tradition, and that was the first step towards the realisation of his dreams.
Q2. Mention the hazards of working in the glass bangles industry.
Answers: The impoverished workers in the glass bangles industry toil in potentially hazardous working conditions while welding. The furnaces they work in have extremely high temperature and lack proper ventilation. Persistently working in low light conditions, without any protective eye gear, leaves them blind. Even burns and cuts are quite common. The workers are quite prone to ailments such as lung cancer.
Q3. Why should child labour be eliminated and how?
Answers: Child labour should be eliminated because the children employed at tender age as i domestic servants, dish-washers at road-side dhabas and in hazardous industries making glass bangles, biris, crackers etc. lose the charm of the spring of their life. Their childhood is stolen. Burdened by the responsibility of work, they become adults too soon. Most of them are undernourished, ill-fed, uneducated, and poor. They have a stunted growth.
Child labour can be eliminated only through concerted efforts on the part of government agencies, NGOs (Non-Government Organisations), co-operative societies and political leaders. Mere passing of law will not help. Laws should be enacted faithfully. The children thrown out of work should be rehabilitated and given proper food, clothes, education and pocket money. Their feelings, thoughts and emotions should be respected. Let them enjoy sunshine and fresh air.
THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE
Although this text speaks of factual events and situations of misery, it transforms these situations with an almost poetical prose into a literary experience. How does it do so? Here are some literary devices:
•Hyperbole is a way of speaking or writing that makes something sound better or more exciting than it really is. For example: Garbage to them is gold.
•A Metaphor, as you may know, compares two things or ideas that are not very similar. A metaphor describes a thing in terms of a single quality or feature of some other thing; we can say that a metaphor “transfers” a quality of one thing to another. For example: The road was a ribbon of light.
•Simile is a word or phrase that compares one thing with another using the words “like” or “as”. For example: As white as snow.
Carefully read the following phrases and sentences taken from the text. Can you identify the literary device in each example?
- Saheb-e-Alam which means the lord of the universe is directly in co ntrastto what Saheb is in reality.
- Drowned in an air of desolation
- Seemapuri, a place on the periphery of Delhi yet miles away from it, metaphorically.
- For the children it is wrapped in wonder; for the elders it is a means of survival.
- As her hands move mechanically like the tongs of a machine, I wonder if she knows the sanctity of the bangles she helps make. shoulders.
- She still has bangles on her wrist, but not light in her eyes.
- Few airplanes fly over Firozabad.
- Web of poverty.
- Scrounging for gold.
- And survival in Seemapuri means rag-picking. Through the years, it has acquired the proportions of a fine art.
- The steel canister seems heavier than the plastic bag he would carry so lightly over his shoulders.
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