The Origin and Evolution of the Earth MCQ Questions for Class 11 Geography Chapter 2 with Answers

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Fundamentals of Physical Geography: MCQ Questions for Class 11 Geography with Answers

Q1. Who gave the Big Bang theory?

(i) Kant
(ii) Chamberlain
(iii) Edwin Hubble
(iv) none of them

(iii) Edwin Hubble.

Q2. Which one of the following has the longest duration?

(i) Eons
(ii) Period
(iii) Era
(iv) Epoch

(i) Eons

Q3. Mesosphere is component of

(i) Atmosphere
(ii) Hydrosphere
(iii) Lithosphere
(iv) Asthenosphere

(i) Atmosphere

Q4. The terrestrial planets were formed in the close vicinity of the

(i) Parent star
(ii) Asteroids
(iii) Escaping gases
(iv) Outer planets

(i) Parent star

Q5. A galaxy start to form a large cloud of hydrogen gas called

(i) Planet
(ii) Earth
(iii) Moon
(iv) Nebula

(iv) Nebula.

Q6. Big-Bang theory was postulated by

(i) Georges Lemaitre
(ii) Edwin Hubble
(iii) Schmidt
(iv) Wegener

(i) Georges Lemaitre

Q7. Which one of the following is not related to the formation or modification of the present atmosphere?

(i) Solar winds
(ii) Differentiation
(iii) Degassing
(iv) Photosynthesis

(ii) Differentiation

Q8. Firstly life on the earth was originated in

(i) Water
(ii) Air
(iii) Plain land
(iv) Mountains

(i) Water

Q9. The formation of stars have taken place before

(i) 5 million years
(ii) 5 billion years
(iii) 6 million years
(iv) 5 to 6 billion years ago.

(iv) 5 to 6 billion years ago.

Q10. Which one of the following experts gave the Collision Hypothesis?

(i) Immunal kant
(ii) Lalpace
(iii) Chamberlain
(iv) Sir James and Harold Jeffrey

(iv) Sir James and Harold Jeffrey

Q11. In thermosphere the temperature

(i) Rises with height to 200°C
(ii) Crisis with height to 1500°C
(iii) First decreases then increase
(iv) Decreases to -150°C

(ii) Crisis with height to 1500°C

Q12. Water vapours and gases in the atmosphere were contributed by

(i) magnetism
(ii) seismic activities
(iii) volcanism
(iv) tectonic activity

(iii) volcanism

Q13. What is the speed of light?

(i) 300,000 km/second
(ii) 330,000 km/second
(iii) 30,000 km/second
(iv) 3.0 km/second

(i) 300.000 km/second.

Q14. Which of the following is not an inner planet?

(i) Jupiter
(ii) Mercury
(iii) Venus
(iv) Earth

(i) Jupiter

Q15. Concentration of ozone in troposphere is

(i) 0.05 PPM
(ii) 0.1 PPM
(iii) 1.5 PPM
(iv) 10.0 PPM

(i) 0.05 PPM

Q16. What is the diameter of Galaxies?

(i) Between 80 thousands to 1, 50,000 light years
(ii) Between 70 thousands to 1, 30,000 light years
(iii) Between 50 thousands to 1, 10,000 light years
(iv) Between 30 thousands to 1, 20,000 light years

(i) Between 80 thousands to 1, 50,000 light year

Q17. The mean distance between the sun and the earth is

(i) 149,598,000 km
(ii) 159,598,000 km
(iii) 149,498,000 km
(iv) 149,5,980 km

(i) 149,598,000 km

Q18. Expansion of universe means

(i) increase in the number of stars.
(ii) increase in space between the galaxies.
(iii) discovery of new celestial bodies.
(iv) increase in the speed of rotation of planets.

(ii) increase in space between the galaxies.

Q19. Which of the following statements regarding our solar system are incorrect?

(i) The distance between celestial bodies are measured by light years.
(ii) All the planets were formed in the same period sometime.
(iii) Our Solar system consists of nine planets.
(iv)All the statements are correct

(iii) Our Solar system consists of nine planets.

Q20. The inner planets mean

(i) Planets between the sun and the earth
(ii) Planets between the sun and the belt of asteroids
(iii) Planets in gaseous state
(iv) Planets without satellite

(ii) Planets between the sun and the belt of asteroids

Q21. How many planets are there in the solar system?

(i) 9
(ii) 8
(iii) 7
(iv) 11

(ii) 8

Q22. The terrestrial planets were formed in the close vicinity of the

(i) Parent star.
(ii) Asteroids.
(iii) Escaping gases.
(iv) Outer planets.

(i) Parent star.

Q23. Hand of man, wing of bat and flipper of seal represent:

(i) vestigial organs
(ii) analogous organs
(iii) homologous organs
(iv) evolutionary organs

(iii) homologous organs

Q24. Expansion of universe means

(i) increase in the number of stars.
(ii) increase in space between the galaxies.
(iii) discovery of new celestial bodies.
(iv) increase in the speed of rotation of planets.

(ii) increase in space between the galaxies

Q25. Which one is known as an inner planet?

(i) Mercury
(ii) Venus
(iii) Earth
(iv) all of them

(iv) all of them.

Q26. Fossils are

(i) remains of plants and animals in the rocks.
(ii) the old rocks.
(iii) the old books related to the origin of the earth.
(iv) the dust particles.

(i) remains of plants and animals in the rocks.

Q27. Darwin proposed his theory of natural selection on the basis of

(i) Mutation
(ii) Environmental factors
(iii) Lama’s theory
(iv) Chromosomal aberrations

(ii) Environmental factors

Q28. Who suggested that the earth and the moon formed a single rapidly rotating body?

(i) Sir George
(ii) Sir Chamberlain
(iii) Sir Moulton
(iv) None of these

(i) Sir George

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